Leishmaniasis is common in tropical countries including China, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Iran, Palestine, the Caucasus and the southeast of Russia, Pakistan, Afghanistan and India
[3] About 2,000 cases of leishmaniasis are registered in Iran annually. Three thousand cases are related to Fars province

types of

Leishmaniasis is a long-term skin disease
The agent is a kind of beginner and the carrier is a sandfly
Sometimes accompanied by a sore throat that exists in two forms

Urban type or dry seeker

About 5 to 6 months after the bite, red pain is present without pain
It gradually becomes large and injured. The size of the wound is a few millimeters to a few centimeters

Commonly found in open areas of the body such as the face, hands and feet

The lesion slowly heals within 6 months to one year
If left untreated, the wound will remain in a scarred and permanent scar

That hurts beautifully. The reservoir of disease is in the urban human kind

And the dog is also accidentally infected and can act as a reservoir

Rural type or wet seeker

A few weeks after the mosquito bites the wounds are found in open areas of the body that have been bitten

The lesions are usually secreted and moist. They usually recover after 1–2 months
And they leave a scar on the skin that has lasting and unsuitable skin effects
The main repository for RUR is some types of rodents
(The most important of these in Iran is the Great Gerbil (Rhombomys opimus
Other rodents have been studied as a reservoir for cutaneous leishmaniasis in Iran

These include the Libyan Yard (Mariones Libicus) in the Natanz city of Isfahan province, the Indian desert jordan (Mariones Hurrianeh) in Sistan and Baluchistan, and the Indian gerbil (Tatra Indica) in Khuzestan. [2]

The parasite leishmaniasis is found in the form of amacitabus in the vertebrate host body such as humans and animals
And it often lives inside macrophages, alien cells
The mosquito is a bloodthirsty female and swallows it by sucking it
The parasite is then transmitted to a healthy human or animal by biting the infected sandfly and causing the cutaneous lesion

Prevention methods

Use a mosquito net when sleeping in the open air. Install very fine netting on the doors and windows. Avoid keeping livestock and poultry at home. Avoid accumulating and spoiling construction waste and rubbish in residential areas. Improvement of the environment and restoration of mosquito breeding and breeding sites. Avoid wastewater discharge in the passages. Collecting and treating stray dogs and combating rodents in the correct way. To treat it, it is recommended to freeze and inject Glucantine

Duration of treatment

Treatment of Leishmaniasis and Common Medicine

More recent investigations have been conducted in the face of this disease, and if treated promptly, treatment can be achieved within 2 to 6 weeks

However, it is important to prevent it from being transmitted to other parts of the body

There are different ways to treat it

In patients with limited damage, injections of ampoules called glucantime are usually used
But in cases where the lesions are more severe, systemic or oral prescriptions or even surgery may be needed

Consequently, if the severity of the lesion is severe enough, the course of treatment and injections will be prolonged

What if people do not seek treatment

- The disease sleeps on its own anyway, but it can take between 6 months and 1 year

But if you wait for your treatment on your own, deformities remain permanently on the skin

Unfortunately, lesions usually occur on open areas of the body such as the face and hands

Therefore, the disease should be treated as soon as possible to minimize the effects

In urban areas, it is sometimes the source of human transmission, and rapid treatment helps prevent the spread of the pathogen from human to human

Treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis

There are many herbal remedies, but a herbal drop servant made by a herbal medicine expert who has been locally applied to the wound and experienced repeatedly and the cutaneous lesion is usually treated within a month with no scarring left

Even if the wound is large or resistant to treatment over a longer period

No scar place (wound scar placement) and now the patient is spending less and does not have to endure the pain of repeated injections